Species Account

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Summary Data

Season (Adult / Immature):

National Status: Local

Local Status: Uncommon and restricted resident.

Local Record: Grade 2   See here for explanation

Flight time: One generation, May-Aug.

Forewing: 35-41mm

Foodplant: Scots Pine, Corsican Pine, Norway Spruce

IMPORTANT - Please note that the maps and accounts are provisional, subject to change and further update.  The whole dataset still needs to go through the final verification process and it is likely that a very small number of records will not satisfy the present requirements and there are other records that have not been formally submitted.  The information is for guidance only.

Record breakdown:

Year first recorded1888200719831888
Year last recorded2011200720112011
Number of records92112432330
Number of individuals139416754140
Unique positions196121436
Unique locations140118318
Adult records87412412232
Immature records2016

For the region, we have a total of 2330 records from 318 sites. Earliest record on file is in 1888.


Pine hawk-moth
© Julian Francis
1978 Pine Hawk-moth 02
© Dave Foot
1978 Pine Hawk-moth 01
© Tom Morris

Species Account

For further information refer UK Moths.

Davey, P., 2009: A species confined to southern and eastern England, the larva feeding on scots pine (Pinus sylvestris). In Dorset, the moth is common in sandy areas where self-sown and block-planted scots pine grow. Dispersed singletons are occasionally recorded at light traps well away from conifer habitat, for example there are a number of records from Portland. The species has a protracted flight period with the adults still very much in evidence during July and August; this is a much longer duration than the national May and June norm. This suggests either a protracted emergence period or a bivoltine cycle. The peak of the theoretical second brood in late July is on average, six times as large as that of the peak in late May. A second 'Pine Hawk' species, Hyloicus maurorum, a resident of pine forest across southern France and Iberia, is currently spreading northwards into northern France, and may well appear on our shores over the next few years. Unfortunately, externally it is not easily differentiated from our Pine Hawk, other than to say that it is less contrasted in all features, the colouration often being lighter. It would certainly be worth retaining light-coloured poorly-marked specimens trapped along the coastal belt during immigration events.

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