Species Account

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Summary Data

Season (Adult / Immature):

National Status: Nationally Scarce A

Local Status: Scarce and thinly distributed or restricted resident.

Local Record: Grade 3   See here for explanation

Flight time: Jun-Jul.

Forewing: 10-11mm.

Foodplant: Norway Spruce cones

IMPORTANT - Please note that the maps and accounts are provisional, subject to change and further update.  The whole dataset still needs to go through the final verification process and it is likely that a very small number of records will not satisfy the present requirements and there are other records that have not been formally submitted.  The information is for guidance only.

Record breakdown:

Year first recorded193119961931
Year last recorded201020102010
Number of records33678
Number of individuals766164
Unique positions29364
Unique locations20346
Adult records30570
Immature records306

For the region, we have a total of 78 records from 46 sites. Earliest record on file is in 1931.


1461 Assara terebrella 02
© Tom Morris
1461 Assara terebrella 01
© M Parsons/Butterfly Conservation
1461 Assara terebrella 03
© Martin Cade, 22 Jun 2009

Species Account

For further information refer UK Moths.

Davey, P., 2009: A local species in southern England, the larva feeding in the cones on the seeds of Norway spruce (Picea abies), and on pine seeds (Pinus spp.), at least on the Continent. Infested cones become stunted and fall from the tree before achieving full growth. In Dorset, the moth is very local and mostly at low density.

Many (light trap) records hale from heathland localities on sandy soils where mature scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) and lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) grow and where Norway spruce is largely absent, and the moth has recently been bred from fallen scots pine cones (M Parsons): Morden Bog, two on 7 July 1999, 6 July 2000 (P Davey), 12 July 2000 (Dr P Sterling), Gore Heath, on 12 July 1999 (Dr P Sterling), Wareham Forest, on 3 July 2006 (M Parsons), Canford Heath, on 22 July 2000 (P Sharp) and 18 July 2006 (M Parsons), Ferndown, on 2 August 1991 (R Cook), Town Common, on 2 August 1996 (P Davey). However, localities where Norway spruce trees grow also host the moth: Buzbury Camp, bred from Norway spruce cones from a wood, and Badbury Rings, bred from spruce cones from a wood, entirely destroyed about 1940 (S Scarsdale Brown), Gaunts Common, at MV light on 6 June 1992 (P Davey), Chedington Woods, eight at MV light on 14 July 2007 (P Davey). A potential second brood example was trapped following the warm summer of 2006: Chedington Woods, at MV light on 28 September 2006 (P Davey).

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