Species Account

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Summary Data

Season (Adult / Immature):

National Status: Common

Local Status: Common and widespread resident.

Local Record: Grade 1   See here for explanation

Flight time: Two generations, May-Jun, Jul-Aug.

Forewing: 13-17mm.

Foodplant: Willowherbs.

IMPORTANT - Please note that the maps and accounts are provisional, subject to change and further update.  The whole dataset still needs to go through the final verification process and it is likely that a very small number of records will not satisfy the present requirements and there are other records that have not been formally submitted.  The information is for guidance only.

Record breakdown:

Year first recorded1905200719821905
Year last recorded2011200720112011
Number of records7701891720
Number of individuals116451112560
Unique positions21017436
Unique locations16116336
Adult records6701871516
Immature records0000

For the region, we have a total of 1720 records from 336 sites. Earliest record on file is in 1905.


1759 Small Phoenix 04
© Julian Francis
1759 Small Phoenix 03
© Julian Francis
1759 Small Phoenix 02
© Paul Harris
1759 Small Phoenix 01
© Tom Morris

Species Account

For further information refer UK Moths.

Davey, P., 2009: A generally distributed species in Britain, the larva feeding on rosebay willowherb (Chamerion angustifolium), broad-leaved willowherb (Epilobium montanum), and related species. In Dorset, the moth is widely distributed and found in a various habitats. It occurs near rivers, streams, ditches and ponds where rosebay willowherb abounds, and in disturbed woodland, hedgebanks, gardens and waste places where broad-leaved willowherb grows. It has been found most commonly at Whiteway Fen where hoary willowherb (Epilobium parviflorum) and marsh willowherb (Epilobium palustre) grow amongst rushes in pasture made wet by chalk springs emerging from the ground. The peak of the second brood is, on average, nearly five times larger than that of the first brood.

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