Species Account

Select species and region:



Summary Data

Season (Adult / Immature):

National Status: Common

Local Status: Common and widespread resident.

Local Record: Grade 1   See here for explanation

Flight time: Two generations, Apr-Jun, Jul-Aug.

Forewing: 10-12mm.

Foodplant: Trees including Hawthorn and sallows.

IMPORTANT - Please note that the maps and accounts are provisional, subject to change and further update.  The whole dataset still needs to go through the final verification process and it is likely that a very small number of records will not satisfy the present requirements and there are other records that have not been formally submitted.  The information is for guidance only.

Record breakdown:

Year first recorded1905200719871905
Year last recorded2011200720112011
Number of records22241814612
Number of individuals352631017260
Unique positions23519490
Unique locations177110376
Adult records19531814070
Immature records0000

For the region, we have a total of 4612 records from 376 sites. Earliest record on file is in 1905.


1834 Common Pug 01
© Tom Morris

Species Account

For further information refer UK Moths.

Davey, P., 2009: A common species across Britain, but local in northern Scotland, the polyphagous larva feeding on many plants including sallow (Salix spp.), yarrow (Achillea millefolium), bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), ragwort (Senecio spp.) and hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna). In Dorset, the moth is widespread and common across all habitats and one of the most frequent pugs at the light trap. The moth is double-brooded with a dominant brood in May and June, followed by a smaller second generation from mid-July to mid-August, and exceptionally, third-brood individuals in mid-September. This moth is similar to a number of other Pug species.

Diagnostics include: a twice sharp-angled post-median line where it approaches the costal edge of the forewing; distinctly chequered fringe; darker costal region of the forewing contrasting with a paler central portion; a wavy white sub-terminal line.


See background to species accounts.  Index of Vernacular names - Search - Random Species