Species Account

Select species and region:



Summary Data

Season (Adult / Immature):

National Status: Local

Local Status: Rare and very local resident.

Local Record: Grade 3   See here for explanation

Flight time: Two generations, May-Jul, Jul-Aug.

Forewing: 14-16mm

Foodplant: Birch.

IMPORTANT - Please note that the maps and accounts are provisional, subject to change and further update.  The whole dataset still needs to go through the final verification process and it is likely that a very small number of records will not satisfy the present requirements and there are other records that have not been formally submitted.  The information is for guidance only.

Record breakdown:

Year first recorded198420021984
Year last recorded200920072009
Number of records983202
Number of individuals1403286
Unique positions26256
Unique locations21246
Adult records913188
Immature records000

For the region, we have a total of 202 records from 46 sites. Earliest record on file is in 1984.


1889 Peacock Moth 01
© Chris Manley, 5 Aug 2003

Species Account

Similar species: 1890 Macaria alternata (Sharp-angled Peacock).

For further information refer UK Moths.

Davey, P., 2009: A local species restricted to southern and western Britain, the larva feeding on birch (Betula spp.) and sallow (Salix spp.). In Dorset the moth is resident at a single site amongst birch woodland on bog and wet heath, and more than fifty observations refer to this species. Birch habitat elsewhere on sandy soil has yet to yield any colonies. The RSPB at Arne have implemented conservation measures to protect the birch woodland at the SSSI. Single Peacock moths have appeared on a many occasions, mainly from localities along and close to the coastal belt, and these are likely to have been immigrants from the near Continent.

Claims that this species has been found in other parts of the county are often incorrect with retained specimens usually turning out to be the very similar Sharp-angled Peacock1890.


See background to species accounts.  Index of Vernacular names - Search - Random Species