Species Account

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Summary Data

Season (Adult / Immature):

National Status: Common

Local Status: Abundant and widespread resident.

Local Record: Grade 1   See here for explanation

Flight time: Two or three generations,, Apr-Oct.

Forewing: 14-21mm.

Foodplant: Blackthorn, Hawthorns, Plum and Bullace.

IMPORTANT - Please note that the maps and accounts are provisional, subject to change and further update.  The whole dataset still needs to go through the final verification process and it is likely that a very small number of records will not satisfy the present requirements and there are other records that have not been formally submitted.  The information is for guidance only.

Record breakdown:

Year first recorded1905200719701905
Year last recorded2011200820112011
Number of records9781340420376
Number of individuals286142859058464
Unique positions5292351132
Unique locations352130766
Adult records8667340118142
Immature records4008

For the region, we have a total of 20376 records from 766 sites. Earliest record on file is in 1905.


1906 Brimstone Moth 05
© Julian Francis
1906 Brimstone Moth 06
© Julian Francis
1906 Brimstone Moth 04
© Julian Francis
1906 Brimstone Moth 03
© Gillian Nash, November 2015
1906 Brimstone Moth 02 larva
© Jenny Seawright
1906 Brimstone Moth 01
© Tom Morris

Species Account

For further information refer UK Moths.

Davey, P., 2009: A common species in Britain, the larva feeding on blackthorn (Prunus spp.), hawthorn (Crateagus spp.), rowan (Sorbus aucuparia) and many other deciduous shrubs and trees. In Dorset, the moth is widespread and common away from open heathland, and abundant in blackthorn localities. Two brood cycles are suspected, comprising a univoltine cycle peaking at the start of July, and a bivoltine cycle with peaks in mid-May and the end of August - the second peak is more than twice the size of the first.

See background to species accounts.  Index of Vernacular names - Search - Random Species